The B.E.F. news Bonus expeditionary forces.

The Bonus Marchers, believing the troops were marching in their honor, cheered the troops until Patton ordered [ citation needed ] the cavalry to charge them—an action which prompted the spectators to yell, "Shame! Hitching rides, hopping trains, and hiking finally brought the Bonus Army, now 15, strong, into the capital in June Please verify that you are not a robot. McMurry, "Coxey's Army", Many had nowhere else to go. At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context.

Bonus Expeditionary Force

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Waters, managed to maintain order and to oust agitators. The bonus bill was defeated in Congress, however, and most of the veterans left for home discouraged. The rest, variously estimated at 2, to 5,, over the next few weeks engaged in protests and near-riots, producing an atmosphere of restlessness and threats of turbulence. Local authorities requested that President Herbert Hoover intervene. Troops led by Brigadier General Perry L. Army chief of staff, drove out the demonstrators and destroyed their encampments, using tanks and tear gas.

One veteran was shot to death, and several veterans and policemen were wounded. Politically, the event was a blow to Hoover.

Although again no bonus legislation was passed, Congress did create the Civilian Conservation Corps , in which many of the veterans were able to find work. The Bonus Army laid the foundation for the G. Bill of Rights We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles.

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Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: In —41 he served as Philippines military adviser and field marshal , endeavouring, despite inadequate funds, to build a Filipino defense force.

He retired from the U. Army in December Great Depression , worldwide economic downturn that began in and lasted until about It was the longest and most severe depression ever experienced by the industrialized Western world, sparking fundamental changes in economic institutions, macroeconomic policy, and economic theory.

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