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Opposed to work v. To play up "emphasize" is from ; to play down "minimize" is from ; to play along "cooperate" is from To play with oneself "masturbate" is from ; play for keeps is from , originally of marbles or other children's games with tokens. To play second fiddle in the figurative sense is from "Gil Blas". To play into the hands of someone is from To play something safe is from ; to play favorites is attested from For play the field see field n.
Meaning "dramatic performance" is attested by early 14c. Meaning "free or unimpeded movement" of mechanisms, etc. By early Middle English it could mean variously, "a game, a martial sport, activity of children, joke or jesting, revelry, sexual indulgence. To be in play of a hit ball, etc. Play-by-play is attested from Play on words is from Play-money is attested from as "money won in gambling," by as "pretend money. In addition to the idioms beginning with play. Synonyms Examples Word Origin.
He usually plays left end. I played my highest card. He played his brothers against each other. You shouldn't play tricks. Compromise plays an important part in marriage. Play the flood photos on page one.
The strings are playing well this evening. The radio played all night. What's playing at the movie theater around the corner? We hope this scene will play well. How will the senator's proposal play with the public? The water of the fountain played in the air. The lights played strangely over the faces of the actors. They wanted her to tell them what she knew about the plans, but she refused to play.
It's obvious that you're just playing at fishing for my sake. He is merely playing at being a student. Play it back and let's hear how I sound. He has consistently played down his own part in the successful enterprise. The children could usually get what they wanted by playing one parent off against the other. However, in recent years, it has become a topic of interest for theatre theorists, who have been looking into theatre styles that have their own conventions of performance.
These plays contain darker themes such as death and disaster. Often the protagonist of the play has a tragic flaw , a trait which leads to their downfall. Tragic plays convey all emotions and have very dramatic conflicts. Tragedy was one of the two original play types of Ancient Greece. These plays focus on actual historical events. They can be tragedies or comedies, but are often neither of these. History as a separate genre was popularized by William Shakespeare.
Ballad opera, a popular theatre style at the time, was the first style of musical to be performed in the American colonies. Around the s, theatre styles were beginning to be defined more clearly. For musical theatre, this meant that composers gained the right to create every song in the play, and these new plays were held to more specific conventions, such as thirty-two-bar songs.
When the Great Depression came, many people left Broadway for Hollywood, and the atmosphere of Broadway musicals changed significantly.
A similar situation occurred during the s, when composers were scarce and musicals lacked vibrancy and entertainment value. By the s, there were very few original Broadway musicals, as many were recreations of movies or novels. Musical productions have songs to help explain the story and move the ideas of the play along.
They are usually accompanied by dancing. Musicals can be very elaborate in settings and actor performances. Examples of musical productions include Wicked and Fiddler on the Roof. Above all, Artaud did not trust language as a means of communication. Plays within the genre of theatre of cruelty are abstract in convention and content.
Artaud wanted his plays to have an effect and accomplish something. His intention was to symbolise the subconscious through bodily performances, as he did not believe language could be effective. Artaud considered his plays to be an enactment rather than a re-enactment, which meant he believed his actors were in reality, rather than re-enacting reality. His plays dealt with heavy issues such as patients in psych wards, and Nazi Germany. Much of his work was banned in France at the time.
Artaud did not believe that conventional theatre of the time would allow the audience to have a cathartic experience and help heal the wounds of World War II. For this reason, he moved towards radio-based theatre, in which the audience could use their imagination to connect the words they were hearing to their body.
This made his work much more personal and individualized, which he believed would increase the effectiveness of portraying suffering. Theatre of the Absurd: This genre generally includes metaphysical representations of existential qualms and questions. Theatre of the absurd denies rationality, and embraces the inevitability of falling into the abyss of the human condition. Instead of discussing these issues, however, theatre of the absurd is a demonstration of them.
This leaves the audience to discuss and question the content of the play for themselves. One of the main aspects of theatre of the absurd is the physical contradiction to language. Oftentimes, the dialogue between characters will directly oppose their actions. The term "play" can be either a general term, or more specifically refer to a non-musical play.